Men of any age can experience testicular cancer. While this type of cancer is not commonly known, its diagnosis consists of ultrasound, blood tests, and clinical examinations. In this page, you’ll be able to find out more facts on why testicular cancer occurs and what its symptoms are.
What Is Testicular Cancer?
Cancer of the testicle can occur in each one of male’s testicles (or both) where hormone testosterone and sperm cells are present. It can spread throughout the body and is most common in younger men ranging from 15 to 49 years of age. The cancer cells of each or both testicles can uncontrollably grow and can become a tumor if not treated at an early stage. Compared to other types of cancer, testicular cancer is sporadic and treatable, and almost 95 percent of males that underwent specific surgery and treatment were apparently successful.
The Early Signs
This type of cancer is unnoticeable until the later stage, so self-examination is needed. The cause of this kind of disease is unknown, so it is essential to pay attention to the early signs and consult your doctor for further examinations.
- a painless lump or swelling
- pain in the or scrotum (testicle)
- Unexplained tiredness or dissatisfaction.
- Unusual pain in the lower back, groin, or abdomen
- a sudden buildup of fluid in the scrotum
- a sensation of heaviness in the scrotum
- discomfort in a testicle or scrotum
The Possible Causes
Though there have been no scientific findings on what causes the disease, there are several factors that can affect the risk of having it.
- Undescended testicle (Cryptorchidism) – This is when a testicle has not moved down when a male baby is born
- Fertility problems – When there is an increased ratio of abnormal sperm with low semen concentration
- Congenital abnormalities – When a baby boy is born with penis or testicle abnormalities.
- Family history – When a family member previously suffered the risk of having the disease.
- An inguinal hernia – These are males who are born with a hernia in the groin.
- Height – These are men who are relatively taller than other men.
- HIV or AIDS – Risk is higher in men with HIV or AIDS.
Two different types of Testicular Cancer originate from the most common kind of testicular cancer. Germ cell testicular cancer has reportedly affected males around 95% of all cases. It is the type of cell that the male body uses to create sperm.
- Seminomas – It is the most common type of testicular cancer that affects 50 to 55% of males over the course of 20 years. This kind of growth tends to respond well to chemotherapy.
- Non-seminomas – It grows more quickly than seminomas, and it includes teratomas, embryonal carcinomas, choriocarcinomas and yolk sac tumors. It is considered sensitive to radiation therapy.
A male’s organ is vital for his growth. It has an immense impact on his objective existence due to its need to produce life. Avoid ignoring signs and symptoms if you happen to experience complications and consult your doctors as soon as possible.